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糖尿病患者小腿肌肉SWE硬度测量值与MNSI评分的相关性研究
Study on correlation between SWE hardness measurement of calf muscle and MNSI score in patients with diabetes mellitus
收稿日期:  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-9701.2024.19.011
关键词:  糖尿病  剪切波弹性成像  小腿肌肉  密歇根神经筛查量表
Key Words:
基金项目:南京医科大学康达学院2020年度科研发展基金(KD2020KYJJYB077)
作者单位
霍中元 连云港市中医院超声科江苏连云港 222004 
赵红艳 连云港市中医院超声科江苏连云港 222004 
张莹 连云港市中医院超声科江苏连云港 222004 
张丹丹 连云港市中医院超声科江苏连云港 222004 
田卫 连云港市中医院糖尿病科江苏连云港 222004 
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摘要:目的 分析糖尿病患者小腿骨骼肌剪切波弹性成像(shear wave elastography,SWE)硬度测量值与密歇根神经筛查量表(Michigan neuropathy screening instrument,MNSI)评分的相关性。方法 选取2020年8月至2022年2月于连云港市中医院住院治疗的102例糖尿病患者为研究对象,根据MNSI评分将糖尿病患者分为A组(0分≤MNSI评分≤1分,20例)、B组(1分
Abstract:Objective To analyze the correlation between shear wave elastography (SWE) hardness measurements of calf muscle in diabetic mellitus patients and Michigan neuropathy screening instrument (MNSI) score. Methods A total of 102 patients with diabetes mellitus who were hospitalized in Lianyungang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from August 2020 to February 2022 were selected as study object. According to MNSI score, diabetes mellitus patients were divided into group A (0 points ≤MNSI score ≤1 point, 20 cases), group B (1 point < MNSI score≤2 points, 32 cases), group C (2 points < MNSI score≤3 points, 26 cases) and group D (3 points < MNSI score≤4 points, 24 cases). Thirty normal volunteers were selected as control group. The values of Young modulus of calf gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior and peroneus were measured by SWE and compared under different tension states. Spearman correlation test was used to examine the relationship between MNSI score and Young modulus of calf muscle. Results With the increase of MNSI score, the Young modulus of each calf muscle shear wave decreased in all groups, and the differences between groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). Young modulus of maximum plantar flexion of gastrocnemius, maximum dorsiflexion of gastrocnemius, maximum plantar flexion of tibialis anterior and peroneus foot varus in diabetic patients were negatively correlated with MNSI score (P<0.05), and the correlation coefficients were –0.74, –0.73, –0.72 and –0.75, respectively. Conclusion With the aggravation of peripheral neuropathy in diabetes mellitus patients and the decrease of shear wave hardness of calf muscle, SWE can comprehensively evaluate diabetic peripheral neuropathy with MNSI score.
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